EMS Poly III

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Introduction

The EMS Poly III is an instrument for the embedding of specimens by the proper combination of pressure and temperature. Central to the instrument is a specimen chamber that is temperature controlled and which can be heated up from room temperature to 70°C. The pressure in the chamber can be reduced from ambient pressure to a controlled level with an inbuilt vacuum-pump. The instrument chamber accepts up to 52 BEEM specimen vials. The vacuum pressure the specimens are exposed to is controlled within narrow limits and warrants solvents will evaporate in a controlled way without the risk of explosive boiling. The exhaust of the vacuum pump is connected to a chemical vapor resistant hose, which can vent into a fume hood in compliance with laboratory practices and general health and safety regulations when working with volatile substances. The instrument features preset programs which can be modified according to the user's preference. In the presets pressure and temperature settings have been coordinated and optimized for an efficient removal of solvent from the specimens eliminating the risk of boiling. Bulk removal of solvent is followed by steps for the thorough removal of trace amounts. As a practical approach the instrument can be loaded by the end of a workday and (when using acetone or propylene oxide) by the next morning the vials are ready for polymerization after the vials have been topped off with pure resin. A lengthy and sometimes tedious manual procedure now reduced to a few simple steps.

Alternatively, to free up the instrument for a next run, polymerization can take place in a stove. The instrument is (after cooling) immediately available for a next run.

Which solvents can be evacuated with the EMS Poly III?

The instrument handles any of the solvents currently used in embedding protocols. In principle any solvent can be safely and gradually evaporated as long as the proper settings for pressure vs temperature are observed. The one important rule is that the pressure should initially NEVER be lower than the saturated vapor pressure at that temperature. Values can be calculated with the Antoine Equation or derived from the graph (Figure 1). For the bulk removal of solvent it is advised to work at a pressure that is approximately 10% higher than the saturated vapor pressure. Failing to do so may lead to sudden boiling of the solvent and spilling of mixture and specimens from the vials. The risk of sudden spilling is higher with more volatile solvents such as propylene oxide and instrument settings need to be accurate.

Important: at no stage should solutions be allowed to bubble. Gas bubble formation needs to be avoided to prevent splashing and damage to the specimens when bubbles should form inside the specimen.

Although extensive testing has been carried out, specific combinations of solvent and resin need to be tested for their suitability for embedding and polymerization in the EMS Poly III on an individual basis.

The EMS Poly III in Practice

The EMS Poly III instrument is capable of effectively removing any of the solvents commonly used in embedding as long as the following rules are observed:

  • Use small tissue pieces, smaller volume of cell pellets
  • Use separate programs for embedding and polymerization
  • Use the smallest amount of resin in the embedding step
  • During polymerization do NOT lower the pressure to a level equal to or lower than the saturated vapor pressure as any trace amount of sol-vent will result in the formation of holes in the specimen

Small specimens are more easily embedded because of their favorable surface/volume ratio. Likewise, solvents are more easily extracted.

Along those lines it is obvious that solvent is more easily removed if the specimens are covered (or even just merely contained) in a minimum amount of resin. For instance, when using BEEM capsules it is typically sufficient to end up with 30-50 µI of resin at the end of the embedding run.

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EMS Poly III

EMS Poly III is used in the embedding of specimens. It exposes specimens to controlled temperature and vacuum pressure within narrow limits and so solvents will evaporate in a controlled way without the risk of explosive boiling.
Cat # Description Pack Price Quote Quantity
Cat #: 4444 Description: EMS Poly III Pack: Each Price: $13,200.00 Add to Quote:

BEEM® Embedding Capsules, Size 00, 8 mm I.D.

Polyethylene embedding capsules with 1x1mm face at the tip of a truncated pyramid with a hinged cap.
Cat # Description Pack Price Quote Quantity
Cat #: 70000-B Description: BEEM EMBEDDING CAPSULES "00" Pack: 100 Pack Price: $9.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70010-B Description: BEEM EMBEDDING CAPSULES "00" Pack: 500 Pack Price: $41.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70020-B Description: BEEM EMBEDDING CAPSULES "00" Pack: 1000 Pack Price: $74.00 Add to Quote:

Flat Embedding Molds

Made of clear silicone rubber with very high tear strength. Resistant to most epoxy resins. Clear base allows positioning of the specimen lighted from beneath.
Cat # Description Pack Price Quote Quantity
Cat #: 70900 Description: FLAT EMBED. MOLD SINGLE END, 4mm (D) Pack: Each Price: $14.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70901 Description: FLAT EMBED. MOLD SINGLE END, 6mm Pack: Each Price: $14.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70902 Description: FLAT EMBED. MOLD SINGLE END, 3mm Pack: Each Price: $14.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70903 Description: Small Flat Embedding Mold Pack: Each Price: $14.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70870 Description: FLAT EMBED. MOLD DOUBLE ENDS Pack: Each Price: $12.00 Add to Quote:
Cat #: 70875 Description: FLAT EMBED. MOLD TRIPLE ENDS Pack: Each Price: $19.00 Add to Quote: